People watching

It must have been very cold! Sloan loves people watching and observes every detail that is happening around him.

Anonymous visitor contribution.

If you would like to share a comment or viewpoint of your own, please do get in touch.

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Tension

John Sloan’s New York City Life series captures a web of contrasting physical forces. In The Show Case he draws a direct visual comparison: the corseted mannequin on the left is perfectly replicated by the figure of the lady on the right, both torsos tense and restricted in form. Sloan places the contrastingly free-flowing figures and clothing of the young girls between these two bound bodies. The girls’ variously-directed gazes link the wealthy lady with her inanimate counterpart, and engage and implicate us, the viewers.

Another variant of the static and constricted silhouette enters the private sphere of The Women’s Page. The smooth style of the newspaper’s line-drawn illustration contrasts with Sloan’s dense cross-hatching and the clutter of the apartment, slovenly in its loosely-draped appearance. The reader’s bare feet are exposed, her right toe tensed, curling inwards as she absorbs the page. This minute but highly relatable physical articulation complements the lived-in feel of the apartment. The contrast between ideal and real female form, comical on the sidewalk of The Show Case, evokes a sense of the unattainable in Sloan’s juxtaposition of the stylised newspaper etching and the woman in her nightgown and cluttered domestic space.

Look closely at how Sloan poses subjects and objects in each etching; their varying states of tension and slackness interact, uniting the portfolio in its evocation of urban dissonance. In Man, Wife and Child, the couple brace against each other, as suspenders, boots, collar and shirt are unbuttoned, their structure and purpose discarded. Elbows bend angrily and reins tighten to avoid the leaping musician in Man Monkey. Craning his neck up awkwardly, a man voyeuristically watches one of many inert sleeping figures in Roofs, Summer Night.

 

Peggy Jones (BA English Literature)

Glass

Just as a pane of glass refracts and warps an image glimpsed through it, so Sloan’s etchings are seen through the voyeuristic and intimate practices of window-gazing. Connoisseurs of Print, Sloan’s depiction of affluent art collectors, not only presents its wall-mounted pictures as hung, framed windows through which to stare but also foregrounds the pince-nez wearing attendees, introducing further lenses and ‘glasses’ through which art and life are seen. There seems to be a mutual relationship between artworks and windows in Sloan’s work, with the careful framing of his subjects and his telling use of foreground space positioning his own audience as spectators – with or without pince-nez spectacles.

In New York street scenes such as Fifth Avenue Critics and Man Monkey, Sloan’s subtle suggestion of windows in the background implies, through minimal detail, the city’s continuation. The only defining feature of much of his architecture is the outline of a frame, ledge or balcony that serves to carry our gaze beyond the immediate scene. Sloan encourages viewers to imagine further scenes of New York city life framed and visible in every window, behind every pane of glass, in the sprawling metropolis beyond.

Elsewhere the ornate glass box of The Show Case and peephole viewers on the Mutoscope motion picture devices in Fun, One Cent, depict lenses and windows as  forms of advertising and commercial entertainment. Sloan’s etchings respond to this dynamic by becoming windows themselves, revealing urban scenes at once private and public, intimate and chaotic – all open for viewing.

 

William Carroll (MA English Literature and Culture)

Social observation: visitor response to the display

Wonderful, highly skilled and entertaining social observation. I laughed out loud at some. Also appreciated the fascinating depiction of New York life.

Visitor contribution, by CS. 

If you would like to share a comment or viewpoint of your own, please do get in touch.

 

Presence

Our presence or position as viewers is one of the key features of Sloan’s prints. The artist captures a perspective that makes the viewer feel integrated within the dynamic lifestyles of the varied classes of New York, and yet, by the same stroke, utilises other points of view to detach the viewer from the scene. New York is rendered in such a way as to be seen but unknowable, and the viewer is part of the mystery.

This effect is best understood in The Little Bride, in which, Sloan, by presenting a ceremony of unity – a wedding – does well to remind the viewer of their alien presence. The bride, the focal point of the scene on whom almost all eyes are trained, sends her own gaze back towards the viewer. Her expression is one of partial recognition, only half-noticing what she is looking at – besides she’s in motion, she’ll be gone in just a moment. But then, right below her, one notices a small boy in a cap, static and staring at the viewer. This kid poses two questions: Why is he looking at me? And, what am I missing?

In The Show Case, too, the viewer’s presence and position seems uncertain. The school-aged girl at the front of her group is looking at once ahead, and also at the case on her right. She’s running onward, but her face is rendered to suggest an inward gaze. Perhaps this is where Sloan wanted the viewer to be?

 

Niall Gallen (MA English Literature and Culture)

Social Circle

I get the overall impression that Sloan was intrigued by the lives and goings-on of people outside of his social circle.

There is a feeling of great empathy and lots of humour.

I love it!

Visitor contribution, by Russ B. 

If you would like to share a comment or viewpoint of your own, please do get in touch.

A few thoughts from a visitor

Sloan describes (in his diary of 1906) Lower East Side streets fill of healthy, happy children.

He signed the women’s page – from his New York City Life series – later on.

A visitor’s interpretation of John Sloan’s ‘New York City Life’ prints on display in the Barber’s current exhibition. Author wishes to remain anonymous. If you would like to share a comment or viewpoint of your own, please do get in touch.