Just as a pane of glass refracts and warps an image glimpsed through it, so Sloan’s etchings are seen through the voyeuristic and intimate practices of window-gazing. Connoisseurs of Print, Sloan’s depiction of affluent art collectors, not only presents its wall-mounted pictures as hung, framed windows through which to stare but also foregrounds the pince-nez wearing attendees, introducing further lenses and ‘glasses’ through which art and life are seen. There seems to be a mutual relationship between artworks and windows in Sloan’s work, with the careful framing of his subjects and his telling use of foreground space positioning his own audience as spectators – with or without pince-nez spectacles.

In New York street scenes such as Fifth Avenue Critics and Man Monkey, Sloan’s subtle suggestion of windows in the background implies, through minimal detail, the city’s continuation. The only defining feature of much of his architecture is the outline of a frame, ledge or balcony that serves to carry our gaze beyond the immediate scene. Sloan encourages viewers to imagine further scenes of New York city life framed and visible in every window, behind every pane of glass, in the sprawling metropolis beyond.

Elsewhere the ornate glass box of The Show Case and peephole viewers on the Mutoscope motion picture devices in Fun, One Cent, depict lenses and windows as  forms of advertising and commercial entertainment. Sloan’s etchings respond to this dynamic by becoming windows themselves, revealing urban scenes at once private and public, intimate and chaotic – all open for viewing.


William Carroll (MA English Literature and Culture)

Social Circle

I get the overall impression that Sloan was intrigued by the lives and goings-on of people outside of his social circle.

There is a feeling of great empathy and lots of humour.

I love it!

Visitor contribution, by Russ B. 

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